Depression can be divided in different, definitive categories. These categories are detected on the basis of major indications, continuity and austerity. However these classifications may at times confuse the patients and their care givers as different types overlap. Professional help guides you to your unique category and its most effective treatment.
Types of depression:
Major or unipolar depression: Major depression is one of the most frequently occurring forms. The most glaring symptom of its onset is that the affected person starts withdrawing from the activities he/she previously found pleasurable, ranging from playing games to sex. If left unchecked it can move from moderate to severe degree and last up to six months at a stretch. Severe form of major depression involves more sinister symptoms like disinterest in the regular day to day activities and hopelessness.
This type of depression is actually a subtype of major depression, during this the patient might respond better to some cures and medicines than others, hence it’s important to identify this subtype. The sufferer may experience some feelings of happiness and elation, and is capable of responding positively to good news. However these feelings will flee after some time, leaving the patient feeling as if he/she is controlled by circumstances. The basic symptoms are hyper insomnia, excessive appetite and urge to eat, sluggishness, weight gain and hypersensitivities
Dysthymia (recurrent, mild depression):
Dysthymia is a low-key form of depression. More often than not, the suffer feels unimportant, helpless, blue without any specific reason and also ‘normal’ at times. Some people are affected by it for such a long interval of time that they simply give-in, accepting it as an integral part of their lives. Dysthymia can be treated with proper medication even if it’s chronic.
Bipolar Depression or maniac depression: This type of depression has extreme mood swings along with some more symptoms not occurring in the other types. More importantly, the treatment of this particular depression in extremely different from the other ones and some anti-depressants can even aggravate it. Major symptoms include unpredictable and impulsive behavior, hypersensitivity and mild or acute insomnia.
Apart from these there are also some less-occurring types like seasonal affective disorder, pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder, postpartum depression etc. If diagnosed properly any type of depression can be successfully treated.